Under the illegal occupation by the Chinese, many Tibetans had to leave their country without any choice. The majority of the exiled Tibetans are in India but it has spread all over the world these days. Nepal is also a home to a lot of Tibetans.
The Tibetans who flee to India have to passthrough Nepal. And many of the Tibetans decide to stay in Nepal for a variety of reasons.Tibetans start their life in Nepal from scratch. Now, few of them run big business franchises aftera lot of struggles and hard work.But the constant comment on Nepal’s government being overly observant, suspicious and doubtful of the Tibetans residing over there has its reasons. As being a Tibetan coming fromTibet and staying at Nepal for months to get the papers done in order to come to India, I vividly
remember a case where a Tibetan fellow newly arrived from Tibet was detained by the Nepalpolice officers and later deported back to Tibet. This says a lot about the Nepal’s governmentallegiance to China. They don’t really care about the situation, the Tibetans are forced inbecause they are influenced by the Chinese government.
No doubt, Tibetans in Nepal are crucial to the Tibetan community, but they are not represented equally in elections. Up until now Sikyong( Prime Minister) candidates have not in history got thepermit to campaign in Nepal. If things are not complicated, the candidates would have done theircampaigns in Nepal which is a important part of the Tibetan community as a whole. Such a thingnever happened, because Nepal is not India. Nepal is under constant threat and influence fromits powerful neighbor “ China”. Although under such circumstances, Tibetans in Nepal did not letthese dirty politics take away their basic right of voting. Number of Tibetans in Nepal take part inthe two important elections. In the case of last year’s Sikyong and Chitue election, the voters
gathered at a secret location to cast their votes. A friend of mine posted on his instagram handlethat he cycled to the pooling area around 4 in the morning. And also shared how it feels to becasting a vote so secretively when in reality, no false is attached with it. Such pitiful things arefaced by the Tibetans under the Nepal government who owes a commitment to China.Not only that, many times, Tibetans were put behind bars for simply celebrating His Holinessbirthday. When Tibetans from all parts of the world are celebrating the 6th July, the Tibetans inNepal have to be cautious and even few end up in jails on baseless charges.As per Tibetan review, the 2021 Report on international Religious Freedom, released by the USState Department on June 2, has emphasized that the police surveillance of Tibetan refugees in
Nepal remained high throughout the year. The report also revealed how the security personnelmonitoring Tibetans doing their religious activities specially concerning His Holiness has grown.Additionally, Tibetan community leaders shared how public celebrations like His Holiness’sbirthdays remained prohibited in Nepal under the Government authorities. With regards to it, theUS government has given significance to this issue which is why the US ambassador and visitingUS government representatives met with Nepal’s officials to share their thoughts on restrictionson the Tibetan community. The Nepal government was bent on saying that those restrictions on
the Tibetans is due to its adherence towards “one China” policy, promising never to allow any“anti- China” activities as viewed by the Chinese government on its soil.
The Nepal’s government justification of putting strict surveillance just like how Beijing has doneto Tibetans is not convincing at all. Because, how is celebrating His Holiness’s birthdayanniversary becomes an anti- China? Also, there is no legal basis for these policies. The termanti China activities has no meaning or force in Nepal law. Any polices or practices particularlytargeting Tibetan political speech are clearly discriminatory and violates international law.
Secondly, Tibet has nothing to do with “One China Policy”. Attaching Tibet as complete part ofthe China is an act of pro- China. The increased surveillance and monitoring of Tibetancommunity in Nepal facilities discrimination against them, and makes them more vulnerable tothe police and criminal justice system abuse whether or not they are politically active.Nepal has signed several security and “intelligence- sharing” agreements with China since 2008,operationalised border security cooperation, partially enforced a ban on Tibetan publicdemonstrations, implemented close monitoring of the Tibetan community. China targets Nepalbecause it has long been the first destination for Tibetans wanting to escape to India.
Thesuppression of Tibetan political activities in Nepal was titled as “Appeasing China: Restricting theRights of Tibetans in Nepal” by the Human Rights Watch. As per the report from Human RightsWatch, restrictions on Tibetans’ rights in Nepal and on the Nepal-China border have grown muchmore stringent since 2008. While Nepal has maintained some basic protections for Tibetans, ithas restricted their freedom of assembly and expression and engaged in arbitrary arrest anddetention of protesters or those believed to be planning protests.The government has also made it harder for Tibetans to obtain documentation that would allowthem to go to schools, seek employment, run businesses, or engage in other activities.
Source : different agencies