New Delhi, 16 June: Prime Minister Narendra Modi headed the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs on Wednesday approved the proposal of the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) on “Deep Ocean Mission”, with a view to explore deep ocean
for resources and develop deep sea technologies for sustainable use of ocean resources.
The estimated cost of the mission will be Rs. 4077 crore for a period of 5 years to be implemented in a phase-wise manner.
The estimated cost for the first phase for the 3 years (2021-2024) would be Rs.2823.4 crore. Deep Ocean Mission with be a mission mode project to support the Blue Economy Initiatives of the Government of India.
The Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) will be the nodal Ministry implementing this multi-institutional ambitious mission.
The Deep Ocean Mission consists of six major components: Development of Technologies for Deep Sea Mining, and Manned Submersible: A manned submersible will be developed to carry three people to a depth of 6000 metres in the ocean with suite of scientific sensors and tools. Only a very few countries have acquired this capability.
An Integrated Mining System will be also developed for mining Polymetallic Nodules from 6000 m depth in the central Indian Ocean. The exploration studies of minerals will pave way for the commercial exploitation in the near future, as and when commercial exploitation code is evolved by the International Seabed Authority, an UN organization.
This component will help the Blue Economy priority area of exploring and harnessing of deep sea minerals and energy. Development of Ocean Climate Change Advisory Services: A suite of observations and models will be developed to understand and provide future projections of important climate variables on seasonal to decadal time scales under this proof of concept component. This component will support the Blue Economy priority area of coastal tourism.